Showing posts from November 14, 2011

Closed Parsha in Mezuza

When it comes to the parsha relevant for vehaya im shamoa it is clear that it needs to be stuma since that's how it's written in the torah. In Hilchot Tefillin the SA brings lehalacha the de'a of the Rambam, which is to write the end of shma at the end of the line and on the next line to leave a space of 9 letters ( lechatchila gedolot [+ 2 ketanot, MB]) before writing vehaya. This is parsha petucha according the the Rosh.
MB brings the well known Taz who came up with a "solution" of writing a parsha stuma according to everyone. He says to leave less than 9 otiyot ketanot at the end of shma, do the same at the beginning of vehaya on the next line and it's as if by combining the two lines we would have a parsha stuma for all de'ot (which can only happens when there's a space of 9 letters in the middle of the same line).
MB further writes that a normal parsha stuma for all de'ot isn't possible simply because each parsha needs to be written in a sep…

The word בכור that the caf and vav are very close to another

We have learned that if a letter is cracked (at its connecting point) that might change it into 2 other letters, examples: ches cracked in chatoteres = 2 zayins, zadi = nun& yud, mem = caf&vav. There are 3 situations.  A. If the hefsek is Nikar le'hedya – it is obvious to our eyes that the 1 letter has become the 2 correspondent letters, it is pasul and may not be fixed.  B. When the hefsek is not nikar le'hedya, and it is obvious to our eyes that the form is of the 1 letter, it is permitted to fix – because the tzura of the 1 letter is there and there isn't a new writing of the letter.  C. In a case of doubt a tinok shall decide what it is. IE – the definition of this letter is what we see, and in a case of doubt what a tinok reads it.
Therefore if the chtoteres of the ches was cracked so that it is obviously 2 zayinim and not a ches, it is indeed 2 zayinim, and not a pasul ches! So, if the mem was separated between the caf and the vav, if the separation is obvious,

Hefsek Nikar le'hedya

What is the meaning of "Nikar le'hedya" [a crack in the letter that is obvious]? What I am writing is not a chidush, just clarifiying an issue in hallacha that Dovid brought up last week, in regard to a tav that it's gag had a crack (turning it into a reish/dalet on the right, and nun on the left). [All illustrations given, are computer fixing/arranging on scans of mezuzus, and drawn to try examplify]
The source of this concept is from the Maharil quoted in BY – a ches that its chatoteres was separated, the Maharil says that if the hefsek (the break - separation) is le'hedya, it is pasul, {because it has seperated to 2 letters - 2 zayinim} and a tinok cannot be asked in this case, because a tinok doesn't recognize the ches [of stam] – and even a kosher ches (its chatoteres connected) in his eyes is 2 zayinim. Both this psak, and the psak of Maharam (also quoted in BY) that letters that have cracks in them [exa. the yud of the alef was separated by a crack, from …