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Friday, November 25, 2011

4 small daletin


Magen Avraham 32:1: צריך לכתוב ד' דאחד כל כך גדולה כמו ד' דלתי"ן קטני' (כתבי האר"י).  
The dalet of echad should be large the size of 4 small daletin (in the name of Ari-zal).
The MB 32:1 (in name of Pri Megadim): maybe this is not estimated by the script actualy used, rather if it has the size of 4 tiny dalet, it is sufficient. And therefore the custom is to write this dalet only larger than a regular dalet.
This means that the custom wasn't to make the large dalet actualy 4 times a dalet in the script, only slightly larger.
R. Menahem Dovidovitz shlita holds that the proper writing of this dalet (4 x dalet ktana) is done by doubling the size of the rosh to its height and twice its length, so it is equal in area to 4 regular dalets.
My opinion is that this is not the meaning of the MA (Ari). The extending of the gag twice is not considered doubling the dalet, since the dalet once [its gag] becoming thicker must be also extended in order not to distort the tzura [this is actualy a regular big letter, like in sefer tora that is custom to making its features twice the size of the regular ois] . Also, this doesn't explain "4 small dalet".

The true meaning of the MA is 4 times the height. But what is the meaning of "4 small dalet"? why not "4 regular dalet"??
The meaning of a 'dalet ktana' is, that mentioned in the hallacha - if the foot of the dalet was short (see SA Harav 32:19), if it has mlo ois ketana [a yuds height] it is still kosher. This is a dalet ktana, another example is the upside down dalet of the alef, it is considered a dalet ktana hafucha. The size being 1k at the gag and 1k at the foot. The total height 2k.
So a regular dalet is 3k high, a small dalet 2k high. There is no consideration of the length of the gag in these dalets.
The big dalet of echad is 4 times a small dalet, which means the gag is 4k thick, and the foot is 4k long (being equal to the hight of gag) total 8k high. I would think this is also a hallachic requirement, since the foot should be mlo ois ketana, and this specific gag is 4k, so the foot should be its own measure of MOK, ie equal to the gag (at least lechatchila).

Measure of [Square] Csav


A continuation to a point I mentioned in my last post "shiyur moshav of the lamed" -
the basic measure-unit in stam is a yud. But this unit may not be a exact square area – highth=width, since the width of the yud may vary, and will be fairly accepted at 0.7k, when the hight is always 1k – the oivei of the kulmus is the width of the line [gagei ha'oisiyos]. So a shiyur yud may be = 1kHigh/0.7kWide.
In Alfa Beisa (p. 200, 205. Quoted in Darke Moshe, and Mishnat Sofrim) that the beis should be 3x3 kulmusim highth=width. This is built according to the measure of a standard yud, which is 1x1 kul. As the MS ois yud writes:  שיעור גופה מלא קולמוס אחד ולא יותר שלא תדמה לרי"ש  The guf of the yud is 1k, no more, so it won't resemble a reish. Obviously, the MS is speaking about the width of the yud, not its hight, because it shouldn't resemble a reish! (not a vav).
Accordingly, the regular BY csav today is built on a structure of exact square, the yud 1x1k, the beis 3x3k

But the original lubavitch script (Reb Reuvens csav) the letters are not exactly square, but rectangular a bit. This is obvious to the eye, it is difficult to cut a exact measure (and I don’t have a good caliber to measure. Also it isn't easy to define the exact point of begining of the yud or beis (or the end of beis) because the way the letter opens etc.). But from eyesight alone I would give the letters 3kH/2.5-2.7kW.
This is obvious from the yud, the yud is thinner than 1k, so the csav is squared, but that doesn’t mean an exact square shape. The csav is 3 yudim by 3 yudim, 3 yudim high and 3 yudim wide. Just, in this csav the measure of a yud is not 1k/1k rather 1k/.85k.
Here are examples of this csav, and indications of a yud and beis highth ver. width.





[Another issue in this csav is, that there is a slight assymetry, in regard to the parallel gag-moshav in some letters, and there is a slight tilt of the csav - which is distinct, and removes it somewhat from "square csav" כתב מרובע].

A nafka-mina l'dina even bdieved, is, measuring the shiyur revach of a parsha, that is 9 yudim. If the standard yud in a specific csav is .75k wide, than 9 yudim are less than 7 square kulmusim (1x1). In the regular csav the shiyur bdieved is 9k.