Left foot of Hai inside a Dalet

These are illustrated pictures

The sofer mistakenly wrote a Hai instead of dalet, he may not make the Dalet kosher by scraping away the foot, this act is called "chok tochos" [see Mishnat Sofrim, Dalet]. The same applies by pulling the gag of the Dalet leaving the left foot way behind, this doesn't make the Dalet kosher, since this is still actualy a Hai.
Even if this Hai would be considered pasul [for any reason], it still would be a [pasul] Hai, and not a Dalet.
Therefore the sofer must pasel this dalet after scraping away the left foot from the Hai, in-order to correct the Dalet through writing  כתיבה ולא חקיקה.
This is a Dalet that a drop of ink fell into its right side - a tinok should be summoned and asked, if he reads this as dalet, it is permitted to scrape away the drop of ink.
What is the difference between these cases?
I think in the first case, since the sofer intended this to be a Hai, it is still a hai [until the left foot is erased], but the second case nobody intended the dalet to become a Hai.


Popular posts from this blog

Not a "khaf"

shin in "Alter Rebbe" script