Kosher b'dieved as is? If not, fixable?

I would greatly appreciate if sources can be indicated. Thank you.


  1. יש מנהג לפסול נו"ן שראשה הפוכה משום שנדמית לצד"י. המקור חי' רמב"ן שבת קג "שלא יעשה צדי"ן נוני"ן" עיין שם

  2. If the rosh was completely on the right side it would be pasul. You can see the mekoros in kesiva tama. However, in this case the head goes slightly over the left side so it;s not so clear cut hence a shailos chacham is called for.

  3. The klal in this case is how it appears at a quick/ general glance. If it looks like the gug protrudes or may protrude a little on the left side, you can fix it. If it looks like it's only protruding on the right, (and appears to be a complete nun hafucha) it's possul. (even if by blowing it up or looking through a loupe you can dedect a small blita.

    The above guidelines are brought down in Rav Stern's excellent sefer, mishas hasofer. I don't have it handy but look at the pictures in the back for this case and you'll find it there.

    Because it's blown up in the pic, it's hard to judge based on his guidelines.

    If you showed a Rov, you'd probably want to show the real thing and not a pic.

  4. BTW, once you fix it, the two left tagin need to be separated down to the gug

  5. @ R' Moshe: Thank you. I saw you wrote that in your Sefer... In your opinion, does that still apply in this case in which the Gag does indeed cross over the neck, albeit only a bit?

    @ R' Yerachmiel: Thank you.

    @ R' Eli: Thank you. My understanding of the R' Shterns words is that even when the Gag is ENTIRELY to the right with nothing to the left at all, still, at times it does not "jump out at you" that the Gag is entirely reversed (that can have to do with how wide the Gag is, angles, etc.). In such a case, he holds that its a Shaalas Chacham. He explains his rational: the shoel in the Shu"t Beis Shlomo (Y"D Siman 161) was a Torah scholar in his own right. He was of the opinion that a Nu"n with a reversed head is indeed fixable. The Beis Shlomo disagreed with the Shoel since "it is obviously apparent (eineinu ro'os) that it is not the shape of a Nu"n". From here R' Shtern extracts that if it is not immediately apparent then there may still be room to be meikil. He also invokes the ambivalence of Mikdash Me'at on the matter. Mikdash Me'at on Os Nu"n is machmir. In Y"D, Siman 274 Se'if 17, however, he is not as confident.
    In any event, this "lee-way" of R' Shtern seems to be applicable even in a case in which there is not crossing over of the Gag at all.
    In the case at hand, it would seem even more kal - as the Gag crosses over.

    1. That's right. I have seen cases where NOTHING sticks over to the left but due to the angle etc, it looks, at a general glance, like it's good.

      And vice versa.

      I would say though that it's important to take this shaylo to a real rov mumcha in stam as you need a very experienced eye to "chap" this

  6. Indeed, I showed the original to R' Avrohom Tzvi Wozner and he gave me the go ahead to fix it.


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