פורום בינלאומי לנושא סת"ם

Friday, September 18, 2015

דברים מצויים בבתי תפילין

החורים הללו רגילים בחריצי הבית ואינן פוסלים משום שהם אינם פוגעים בגופי הבתים. הרי נקב בבית עצמו היה פוסל, אבל כאן הנקב הוא לתוך החריץ. ובעצם רק החריץ מתרחב מעט
הטעם שיש קצת שעושים כן, כדי להעביר את חוט התפירה שבין בית לבית בגובה מעט על פני שפת התיתורא. אמנם רוב העולם נוהגים להעביר את חוט התפירה למטה יותר, כך שאינה ניכרת כלל

חסר קצת מעובי התיתורא - התפלין כשרות. אין דין ריבוע אלא בשפה העליונה והתחתונה של התיתורא ולא באמצעה
כמובן מצוה והידור מצוה למלאותה שתיראה נאה ויפה


  1. Actually, the visble chut bein habatim has become more and more common. Most high end tefillin today have it. (I can't speak for Chabad tefillin.) One of today's leading poskim told me years ago that if the chut hatefira is not visible on the outside it is "k'lechatchila". While this is not the accepted opinion and Rav Friedlander strongly disagreed when I mentioned it to him but it is widely considered an important hiddur since the purpose of the chut bein habatim is to show that there are 4 separate compartments.

  2. A more serious problem is caused sometimes by incompetent and overzealous sofrim who "break open" the prudos by the charitzim of the shel rosh and in doing so can sometimes chip off not only paint but also cause a pgam in the actual batim by the charitzim. This can passel the bayis and it seems some sofrim don't know to be careful about this.

    Opening prudos is a very delicate process and must be done with great care.

  3. I personally haven't seen leather cracked or torn off the charitzim due to someone checking or opening the charitzim from excess glue. I'd assume that when it does happen it would mostly be insignificant. What is more common is the general ribua of the ketzitza being affected by checking/opening the charitzim.

    Experts recommend using a very fine piece of metal and to press it into the top, center and not the edges. A fine blade tip can break off inside the charitz.

    1. I've seen quite a number that have been butchered enough, where the inside corners by the batim shel rosh charitz are not square but angled, on both sides of the charitz, compounding to a significant pgam in the ribua. If such a pgam was on the edge of the titura or on the same place on the shel yad bayis, it would be meakev. Yet for some reason ppl think that if a pgam is by the charitzim of shel rosh it's OK. It's not. It should be fixed like any other.
      It doesn't take long to fix a pgam like that, so I try and do it even if it is borderline. The way to fix is to:
      1) sand off the paint by the affected area
      2) use a no. 11 scalpel to make several thin cuts behind (or on either side)of the pgam.
      3)Push the bits across so they "move" into the space of the pgam (but the thin cuts don't widen too much) thus "squaring off" the pgam.
      4)wet the area with a wet tissue or swab, the whole area will swell and fill in.
      5) after it dries a bit, add super glue to solidify the whole area (you don't need to do this esp if you are makpid not to use SG in the batim)
      6) sand it to smoothen and add paint.

      I do it all the time, it's easy and effective. I do it often on the older batim that have pgamim on the front corner edge of the titura in the bayis shel rosh. But it works in our case too.
      It also can be effective when repairing flase charitzim, but this is more complex


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